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2016年MBA联考英语模拟试题及答案(二)

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志天MBA网    http://mba.22edu.com/    发布时间:2016-04-14 11:14:42

    Text 1

 
  What exactly was the historical significance of Nov. 9, 1989? Having spent much of the summer of that year in Berlin, I have long bitterly regretted that I was not there to join in the party the night the wall came down. I mean, what kind of an aspirant historian misses history being made?
 
  But two Berlin friends recently made me feel better by confessing that, despite being in the right city on the right date, they too missed the fall of the wall. One simply slept through the tumultuous events that unfolded after an East German official casually stated that the border was open. Her brother tried to rouse her, but she assumed he was joking when he shouted through her bedroom door: "The wall's coming down!" My other friend deliberately went to bed early to be fresh for a morning yoga class. It took her a while the next morning to work out why she was the only one to show up.
 
  That set me thinking. Could it be that my friends and I didn't in fact miss an event of world-historical importance? Was the fall of the Berlin Wall not really History with a capital H, but just news with a lower-case n—a wonderful story for journalists but, 20 years on, actually not that big a deal? Could it be that what happened 10 years earlier, in the annus mirabilis 1979, was the real historical turning point?
 
  Sure, it was nice for East Germans, Czechs, Hungarians, and Poles—not to mention the peoples of the Baltics, the Balkans, Ukraine, and the Caucasus—that they got rid of dreary communism and discovered the pleasures (and occasional pains) of free markets and free elections. What the British historian and eye-witness Timothy Garton Ash has called the "refolution" (reform plus revolution) that swept Central and Eastern Europe was a splendid thing, not least because the communist regimes were toppled with amazingly little bloodshed. Only in Yugoslavia, where the communists clung to power in the guise of Serbian nationalists, was there the kind of celebration that usually accompanies the end of empire—and Yugoslavia, paradoxically, was the Eastern European country that had been the first to break free of Moscow, and the first to introduce market reforms.
 
  It may seem perverse to question the historical significance of the collapse of the Soviet empire in Mitteleuropa, and then the collapse of the Soviet Union itself. I suspect most Americans today share the Yale historian John Lewis Gaddis's view that 1989 saw the triumphant end of the Cold War, a victory achieved above all by President Ronald Reagan, though nobly assisted by Margaret Thatcher—despite her deep reservations about the unintended consequences of German reunification—and the Polish Pope John Paul II.
 
  21. In the very beginning, the author’s experience is mentioned to _____.
 
  A. reveal his status of being a historian
 
  B. introduce the topic of this essay
 
  C. call attention to the historical event
 
  D. take pride in his being a witness
 
  22. According the second paragraph, which of the following is TRUE?
 
  A. two Berlin residents accompanied the writer to the fall of the wall
 
  B. the event was started first on the western side of the famous wall
 
  C. one friend was warming up for a yoga class for that special night
 
  D. most people were absent from the class the day after the fall-down
 
  23. By ‘paradoxically”, the author means ______.
 
  A. the last communist regime turned out to be the first one against communism
 
  B. Yugoslavia remained a communist loyalty even after the Soviet collapse
 
  C. A British scholar created a funny word which was really splendid in Europe
 
  D. The fact that little blood was spilled over this revolution surprised most scholars
 
  24. In the view of J.L.Gaddis, the end of Cold War _____.
 
  A. was brought about by the collapse of the Soviet Union
 
  B. was accomplished with the assistance of Germans
 
  C. was notably attributed to the leadership of Reagan
 
  D. was deeply doubted by the British prime minister
 
  25. The author seems to be mainly concerned with ______.
 
  A. significance of historical events
 
  B. story of the toppled Berlin wall
 
  C. reporting of some witnesses
 
  D. suspicion of historians
 
参考答案:B D A C  A 
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